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4 Types of Internal Splines That Almost Every Machine Needs
4 Types of Internal Splines That Almost Every Machine Needs
June 03, 2021

Internal splines are needed for many types of engines or machines. They insert into another shaft's slot and their grooves get locked together, allowing them to transfer torque smoothly with reduced vibration. This convenient, space-saving, and efficient system has wide usage in engine manufacturing.

 

Here are four types of internal splines that virtually every machine and engine needs:

 

Involute

These internal splines are shorter than average splines, allowing them to deliver higher strength and torque levels to machines. In addition, they save space in most mechanical designs. Involute internal splines ensure smooth torque transition through a radius, and it comes in several varieties:

  • Flat Root Side Fit
  • Fillet Root Side Fit
  • Major Diameter Fit

 

Parallel Key

If you've used a keyway drive before, parallel keys are another variety that uses the same design and torque-delivering principles. It has straight-sided, equally-spaced teeth. Their main difference with keyway drives is their keys are much more crucial to the shaft with equal circumference spacing, allowing them to deliver torque through a shaft.

 

Crowned

This internal spline is a variation of the involute type. Angular misalignment between the shaft and insertion port plays a crucial role in penetration and torque locking, allowing it to deliver higher strength levels. The crowning process allows the internal spline to achieve this objective effectively.

 

Helical

Like their helical gear counterparts, helical splines use a lead and helix angle shaft. Typical shaft splines can get wound up to the point of breaking. Helical splines can share a load with parallel splines, reducing torsional forces that can break a typical internal spline apart.

 

Trust Only Dependable Manufacturers for Your Gear Needs

True Gear and Spline delivers only the best results for all your gear needs. Contact us today to learn more about everything that we can do for you.

 

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